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Teams of students will act as separate ‘consulting agencies’ and will carry out complete planning, analysis, design and construction planning for these components.

Concepts of GPS; GPS receivers; GPS positioning mode- point positioning & relative positioning (DGPS & RTK GPS); GPS accuracy and error sources, Applications of GPS.

Transients in open channel flows: Causes of transients, Governing equations, Method of characteristics, Explicit and Implicit Finite Difference methods, Sediment routing, Coordinate transformation and two-Dimensional flow simulations, VOF method for surface tracking.

Historical background, Types, Manufacturing Methods, Functions, Typical Applications; Geosynthetic Testing, Physical, Mechanical, Construction survivability and durability testing of Geotextiles and Geogrids; Principles of Soil Reinforcement, Types of Reinforcement, Testing, Allowable loads for design (creep etc.), Elements of Design NCMA Method, Fill Material, Detailed Design of Reinforced Soil Walls (BS 8006), Reinforced Slopes (BS 8006), Facia and Construction Methodology, Specifications, Bearing capacity Improvement, Embankments on soft soils, Basal Reinforcement – Design, Geocell – Design, Construction and Specification, IRC/MORTH Guidelines, Case Histories; Filteration and Drainage, Principles, Typical applications, Dams, French Drains, Testing, Design Principles, Specifications; Pavements and Airports; Influence of cyclic loading, Design for soft soils (unpaved) and new construction – Granular layers, GS in Bituminous Pavements – new construction and rehabilitation, Construction and specifications, Rural Road applications, Railway Tracks, Indian experiences; Natural fibre Materials, Jute and Coir Geotextiles - Products, Processes; Environmental Control, Erosion Control, Mechanics of Erosion, Methods of Control, Products, Design for various conditions, Silt Control, Land slides – Occurrence and methods of mitigation, Liners for Pounds and Canals; Engineered Landfills, Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste Landfills, Site location –MOEF Guidelines, Covers and liners, GCLs, Material aspects and, Design, construction and maintenance, the Indian Scenario Review of Elementary Structural Analysis, Static indeterminacy, Indeterminate system, Truss analysis, Energy Method, Slope-Deflection Method, Analysis of Portal Frames; Matrix method of Structural Analysis, Structural analysis using stiffness matrix and flexibility matrix, and Direct stiffness method; Conceptual Transition from Direct Stiffness Method to Finite Element method, Truss and frame elements, Shape functions, Properties of stiffness matrix, Discretization; Introduction to Nonlinear Analysis, Introduction of geometric and material nonlinearities, P-delta effect, Moment-Curvature relation, Moment – Rotation relation, P-M-M interaction; Special topics: Nonlinear Analysis of structures, 2D Frame analysis with geometric nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with material nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with both geometric and material nonlinearities.

Review of performance-based design concepts, LRFD cold design of RCC and steel structures; codified models for fire, standard and natural fire; material behavior of steel and concrete constituents in fire; estimation of time-temperature curves for structural members in different fire and exposure/ventilation scenarios; design considerations for individual members exposed to fire: structural members in tension, compression, bending; provisions in Eurocodes and IS 456, 800, 1641, 16 to ensure fire safety; fire proofing materials used to enhance fire resistance of structural members; behavior of structural systems under fire; preventive/protective systems for structures.

Open channel flow; Computations in gradually varied flows and rapidly varied flows; Mathematical description of flow and sediment transport;1-D/2-D/3-D computations in river flows; Dam break flow on rigid and mobile beds; Meandering of rivers; River training works including flood protection due to river overflow,levee, river bed lining,bridge pier protection due to river water flow; Design of bridges, dams, spillways; Irrigation control structures; Indian standards related to river engineering; Flow measurements in rivers; Physical modeling of river flows; Protection of river water from pollution; Introduction to various Indian agencies (CWC, NIH, CWPRS etc.); Field trip to a river; Project work .

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