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Abbreviations and Acronyms: order, with the most specific (smallest) item (e.g.
Hence the sections labeled The 14 November 2000 edition adds links to postal authorities in many countries, which are recapitulated alphabetically (in English) in the INDEX at the end. Craig Hartnett (Zambia, Zimbabwe, Rhodesia, Nyasaland). John Hagerson (Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam, Israel, Serbia, Egypt). Similarly, saying that a particular country is in Europe or Africa or Latin America or Asia or the Middle East can be controversial. There were no standard or recommended names for countries.
The edition adds ISO 3166-1 codes to the country list in Index; this is the familiar Internet top-level domain (TLD) for each country (in most cases), and these are also used on international mail containers, machine-readable passports, and in national currency identifiers. The February 2003 version is much expanded, including new tables and sections for Africa, the Mideast, Latin America, and with each country name in the Index linking back to the relevant section of the main document. Elizabeth Eggers, Ken Westmoreland, Ben Arnold, Derek Sivers, Andrew Kerkham (New Zealand). The situation has improved since then with the appearance of the USPS International Mail Manual (IMM), including an , first discovered (by me) in 2000, newly available in HTML so we can link directly to it and to sections of it.
This document started in the 1980s as a short tip-sheet, organized geographically, with sections for regions or specific countries. Note that the general problem – how to address mail from country A to country B, for all A's and B's – is an n × n problem, of which this document attempts to address only one dimension: mail from the USA to elsewhere. The criterion used in this document is simple: if the USPS lists it in its Index to Countries and Localities, we treat it as a country.
Then about 1990, everything changed – the breakup of the Soviet Union, the reunification of Germany, the breakups of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. But even this is a moving target as addressing guidelines and formats of each country are constantly revised. Thus some localities (such as Reunion Island) that are not distinct countries are listed, whereas other localities that consider themselves countries (such as Western Sahara) are not listed (but still discussed). I've made a few groupings like this for convenience, e.g.
Such events will continue to happen as time goes on so it's useful to recall their impact, even on this tiny area of human endeavor. Topi Linkala, Miikka-Markus Alhonen, Jarkko Hietaniemi, Era Eriksson (Finland). If you want to send mail to SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON (a part of France that is in Canada) from the USA, it doesn't make sense for the mail to go all the way to France and back. When this document was first written for internal use in the late 1980s, the United States Postal Service (USPS) had no published guidelines for addressing international mail – if it did, we'd have just used them.Gerhard Helle, First Secretary, Universal Postal Union, Berne. Xander Jansen, Gert Grenander, , Sjoerd Cranen, Reinier Olislagers, Ken Martin, Roland Witvoet, Richard Paul, Liza R (Netherlands). lists of state/province abbreviations, additional examples), and there is a comprehensive page of links to postcode lookups for each member country HERE.John Klensin, Alexander Svensson, Alex Bochannek, Asmus Freytag, Otto Stolz, Claus Langhans, Clemens Gutweiler, Ralph Babel, David Krings, Jens Peter Hammer, Christian Asche (Germany). USPS Service Updates The United States Postal service delivers mail to most of the countries on earth, but there are some exceptions and restrictions owing to politics (Cuba), war (Gaza), natural disasters (Haiti), or other factors such as isolation (Pitcairn Island).Format: handmade HTML with accented or non-Roman characters encoded in UTF-8, properly announced to allow inclusion of text in many languages and scripts. Barthélemy; Diego García) Fridjon Gudjohnsen (Iceland). [ Next ] [ Top ] [ Contents ] [ Index ] [ Home ] This document tries to describe – or invent when necessary – conventions for addressing postal mail from within the USA to other countries that are both (a) effective (i.e.For more information about UTF-8 CLICK HERE and HERE. have a good chance of working), and (b) as inoffensive as possible when addressing choices might be controversial.