Dating violence in adolescents
High-risk populations have been underrepresented in TDV research and are an important population to study given the amplified likelihood of future violence victimization and perpetration.
For a number of reasons (eg, economic disadvantage, dangerous family environments or neighborhoods, earlier initiation of dating and/or sex, cumulative risk), violence-exposed youth have developmental trajectories distinct from non–violence-exposed youth, including greater risk of TDV.
We handsearched the references lists of key articles and two journals (Journal of Interpersonal Violence and Child Abuse and Neglect). , 18 of which were cluster-randomised trials (11,995 participants) and two were quasi-randomised trials (399 participants).
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender differences in the proportion of adolescents reporting teen dating violence (TDV) and the frequency of TDV at multiple age points across adolescence in a high-risk sample of youth with previous exposure to violence.
Gender differences in rates of dating violence vary depending on the age of adolescents responding.
= 1149) ages 11 to 17 years completed surveys assessing TDV and self-defense.
Indices of TDV included perpetration and victimization scales of controlling behaviors, psychological TDV, physical TDV, sexual TDV, fear/intimidation, and injury.
RESULTS: More girls reported perpetrating psychological and physical TDV, whereas twice as many boys reported sexual TDV perpetration.
More girls reported fear/intimidation victimization than boys.